Installing Apache Maven

The installation of Apache Maven is a simple process of extracting the archive and adding the bin folder with the mvn command to the PATH.

Detailed steps are:

  • Ensure JAVA_HOME environment variable is set and points to your JDK installation

  • Extract distribution archive in any directory

unzip apache-maven-3.5.0-bin.zip

or

tar xzvf apache-maven-3.5.0-bin.tar.gz

Alternatively use your preferred archive extraction tool.

  • Add the bin directory of the created directory apache-maven-3.5.0 to the PATH environment variable

  • Confirm with mvn -v in a new shell. The result should look similar to

Apache Maven 3.5.0 (ff8f5e7444045639af65f6095c62210b5713f426; 2017-04-03T21:39:06+02:00)
Maven home: /opt/apache-maven-3.5.0
Java version: 1.8.0_45, vendor: Oracle Corporation
Java home: /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_45.jdk/Contents/Home/jre
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8
OS name: "mac os x", version: "10.8.5", arch: "x86_64", family: "mac"

Windows Tips

  • Check environment variable value e.g.
echo %JAVA_HOME% 
C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_51
  • Adding to PATH: Add the unpacked distribution’s bin directory to your user PATH environment variable by opening up the system properties (WinKey + Pause), selecting the “Advanced” tab, and the “Environment Variables” button, then adding or selecting the PATH variable in the user variables with the value C:\Program Files\apache-maven-3.5.0\bin. The same dialog can be used to set JAVA_HOME to the location of your JDK, e.g. C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_51

  • Open a new command prompt (Winkey + R then type cmd) and run mvn -v to verify the installation.

Unix-based Operating System (Linux, Solaris and Mac OS X) Tips

  • Check environment variable value
echo $JAVA_HOME
/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk1.8.0_45.jdk/Contents/Home
  • Adding to PATH
export PATH=/opt/apache-maven-3.5.0/bin:$PATH