Usage

Brief examples on how to use the dependency goals.

Generic Plugin configuration information

See the following links for information about including and configuring plugins in your project:

The dependency:copy mojo

This goal is meant to be bound to a lifecycle phase and configured in your pom.xml. It will resolve the artifact from the repository and place a copy in the specified location. Multiple artifacts can be defined in a single execution. A default output directory is specified but can be overridden for each ArtifactItem by setting the optional outputDirectory field. An optional new name can be set to rename or the version stripped while copying.

The artifact version is optional. If not set, the plugin will attempt to resolve it from the project dependencies and then the dependencyManagement section.

See the Overwrite Rules section for rules about how overwriting is handled.

Configure the plugin something like this if you intend to bind it to execute along with your build:

<project>
  [...]
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.1</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <id>copy</id>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>copy</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <artifactItems>
                <artifactItem>
                  <groupId>[ groupId ]</groupId>
                  <artifactId>[ artifactId ]</artifactId>
                  <version>[ version ]</version>
                  <type>[ packaging ]</type>
                  <classifier> [classifier - optional] </classifier>
                  <overWrite>[ true or false ]</overWrite>
                  <outputDirectory>[ output directory ]</outputDirectory>
                  <destFileName>[ filename ]</destFileName>
                </artifactItem>
              </artifactItems>
              <!-- other configurations here -->
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  [...]
</project>

If you intend to configure this mojo for execution on the command line using:

mvn dependency:copy

you must not put the configuration inside the executions tag. Your configuration should look like this:

<project>
  [...]
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.1</version>
        <configuration>
          <artifactItems>
            <artifactItem>
              <groupId>[ groupId ]</groupId>
              <artifactId>[ artifactId ]</artifactId>
              <version>[ version ]</version>
              <type>[ packaging ]</type>
              <classifier> [classifier - optional] </classifier>
              <overWrite>[ true or false ]</overWrite>
              <outputDirectory>[ output directory ]</outputDirectory>
              <destFileName>[ filename ]</destFileName>
            </artifactItem>
          </artifactItems>
          <!-- other configurations here -->
        </configuration>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  [...]
</project>

Notes:

  • By default, artifacts are copied into outputDirectory using Maven artifact file name convention ( ie artifactId-version-classifier.type ). Use the following rules to override the default convention:
    • Use artifactItem.destFileName to override the default file name.
    • Use stripVersion to remove version from default file name. This field is ignored when artifactId.destFileName is set.
    • Use artifactItem.outputDirectory to override the plugin's outputDirectory configuration per artifactItem.

The dependency:copy-dependencies mojo

This goal can be bound to a lifecycle phase and configured in your pom.xml. It will resolve the dependencies (including transitive dependencies) from the repository and place a copy in the specified location.

The artifacts can be placed in subfolders based on type. For example:

\outputDirectory

\outputDirectory\jars

\outputDirectory\wars

The artifacts can be placed in a subfolder per artifact. For example: \outputDirectory\junit-junit-3.8.1
This feature also works with the subfolders per type. For example: \outputDirectory\jars\junit-junit-3.8.1\

Artifacts can also be resolved by specifying the classifier and optionally type. Type is only used with the classifier and defaults to java-sources. When the classifier is set, the list of dependencies is used as the base to resolve artifacts with the classifier and type. For example: mvn dependency:copy-dependencies -Dclassifier=sources will try to find the sources for all dependencies and copy them.

Also included is the ability to include or exclude by type (war, jar etc), scope (runtime, test, etc), classifier (jdk14, sources, etc), groupId, artifactId, or a combination of them.

Note: As of 2.0-alpha-5, you may mix includes and excludes of the same category (ie scope). Includes are processed before excludes.

See the Overwrite Rules section for rules about how overwriting is handled.

The goal can also be launched from the command line like: mvn dependency:copy-dependencies [optional params]

<project>
  [...]
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.1</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <id>copy-dependencies</id>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>copy-dependencies</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <!-- configure the plugin here -->
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  [...]
</project>

The dependency:unpack mojo

This goal is meant to be bound to a lifecycle and configured in your pom.xml. It will resolve the artifact from the repository and place a copy in the specified location. Multiple artifacts can be defined in a single execution. A default outputDirectory is specified but can be overridden for each ArtifactItem by setting the optional outputDirectory field.

A single artifact can be unpacked multiple times if different include/exclude parameters are defined for each artifactItem

See the Overwrite Rules section for rules about how overwriting is handled.

The artifact version is optional. If not set, the plugin will attempt to resolve it from the project dependencies and then the dependencyManagement section.

Configure the plugin something like this if you intend to bind it to execute along with your build:

<project>
  [...]
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.1</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <id>unpack</id>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>unpack</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <!-- configure the plugin here -->
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  [...]
</project>

If you intend to configure this mojo for execution on the command line using:

mvn dependency:unpack

you must not put the configuration inside the executions tag. Your configuration should look like this:

<project>
  [...]
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.1</version>
        <configuration>
          <artifactItems>
            <artifactItem>
              <groupId>[ groupId ]</groupId>
              <artifactId>[ artifactId ]</artifactId>
              <version>[ version ]</version>
              <type>[ packaging ]</type>
              <classifier> [classifier - optional] </classifier>
              <overWrite>[ true or false ]</overWrite>
              <outputDirectory>[ output directory ]</outputDirectory>
              <includes>[ comma separated list of file filters ]</includes>
              <excludes>[ comma separated list of file filters ]</excludes>
            </artifactItem>
          </artifactItems>
          <!-- other configurations here -->
        </configuration>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  [...]
</project>

The dependency:unpack-dependencies mojo

This goal can be bound to a lifecycle and configured in your pom.xml. It will resolve the dependencies (including transitive dependencies) from the repository and unpack them to the specified location.

Unpack-dependencies includes transitive dependencies by default. To include only direct dependencies, set the excludeTransitive parameter to true.

Dependencies can be included or excluded by a list of types. See unpack-dependencies for details.

The artifacts can be unpacked in subfolders based on type. For example:

\outputDirectory

\outputDirectory\jars

\outputDirectory\wars

The artifacts can be placed in a subfolder per artifact. For example: \outputDirectory\junit-junit-3.8.1
This feature also works with the subfolders per type. For example: \outputDirectory\jars\junit-junit-3.8.1\

Artifacts can also be resolved by specifying the classifier and optionally type. Type is only used with the classifier and defaults to java-sources. When the classifier is set, the list of dependencies is used as the base to resolve artifacts with the classifier and type. For example: mvn dependency:unpack-dependencies -Dclassifier=sources will try to find the sources for all dependencies and unpack them.

Filters can be applied to include or exclude certain file or filesets as necessary

Also included is the ability to include or exclude by type (war, jar etc), scope (runtime, test, etc), classifier (jdk14, sources, etc), groupId, artifactId, or a combination of them.

Note: As of 2.0-alpha-5, you may mix includes and excludes of the same category (ie scope). Includes are processed before excludes.

See the Overwrite Rules section for rules about how overwriting is handled.

The goal can also be launched from the command line like: mvn dependency:unpack-dependencies [optional params]

<project>
  [...]
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.1</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <id>unpack-dependencies</id>
            <phase>package</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>unpack-dependencies</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <!-- configure the plugin here -->
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  [...]
</project>

Overwrite Rules

Artifacts are copied or unpacked using the following rules:

  • If the artifact doesn't exist in the destination, then copy/unpack it.

    Otherwise:

  • For copy/unpack mojo only: if artifactItem / overWrite or overWrite is true, then it will force an overwrite.
  • Releases check the overWriteReleases value (default = false). If true, then it will force an overwrite.
  • Snapshots check the overWriteSnapshots value (default = false). If true, then it will force an overwrite.
  • If none of the above is set to true, then it defaults to the overWriteIfNewer value (default = true). This value, if true, causes the plugin to only copy if the source is newer than the destination (or it doesn't exist in the destination). (for unpack, this checks the existence of the marker file, created in the markersDirectory path. To avoid unexpected behavior after mvn clean, this path should normally be contained within the /target hierarchy.)

Examples:

  • Using the default settings (overWriteReleases = false, overWriteSnapshots = false, overWriteIfNewer = true), then a release or snapshot artifact will only over write the destination if the source is newer than the destination (or marker file if unpacking).
  • If overWriteReleases = true, then a release artifact (ie foo-1.0.jar) will always overwrite.
  • If overWriteSnapshots = true, then a snapshot artifact (ie foo-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar) will always overwrite.
  • If all of the values are false, then a copy/unpack will only occur if it doesn't exist in the destination (or markersDirectory if unpacking).

The dependency:resolve mojo

Resolve is intended to be used from the command line like: mvn dependency:resolve -Dsilent=true

This goal simply tells maven to resolve all test scope (includes compile) dependencies and then displays the resolved versions. This is intended to help ensure all dependencies are downloaded to the local repository. This is useful when troubleshooting or during intermittent remote repository failures when repeatedly building multiproject modules is undersirable and the build is failing on dependency resolution. It can also be used to quickly determine how versions are being resolved.

Artifacts can also be resolved by specifying the classifer and optionally type. Type is only used with the classifier and defaults to java-sources. When the classifier is set, the list of dependencies is used as the base to resolve artifacts with the classifer and type. For example: mvn dependency:resolve -Dclassifer=test-jar will try to find the test-jar for all dependencies resolve them to the local repository.

The dependency:sources mojo

Sources is intended to be used from the command line like: mvn dependency:sources -Dsilent=true

This is the same as the resolve goal except it includes the source attachments if they exist. This is useful when you want the source attachments downloaded to your local repository and you don't want to use the eclipse plugin to do this since the eclipse plugin creates/overwrites the eclipse files.

You can also define the markersDirectory either in the pom or settings to be a common location for all projects. This allows the system to resolve sources faster for dependencies that don't have the sources published. The plugin will store a marker file to describe if the sources were resolved or not. By placing them in a common location, multiple attempts to resolve non-existent sources will be avoided.

The dependency:resolve-plugins mojo

Resolve-plugins is intended to be used from the command line like: mvn dependency:resolve-plugins -Dsilent=true -DexcludeTransitive=true

This is the same as the resolve goal except it resolves plugins and optionally their dependencies.

The dependency:go-offline mojo

This goal is exactly the same as calling mvn dependency:resolve dependency:resolve-plugins.

The dependency:purge-local-repository mojo

This goal is meant to delete all of the dependencies for the current project (or projects, in the case of a multimodule build) from the local repository. Purges can be run with a variety of limiting parameters, including artifact exclusions, limiting to direct dependencies only, and different levels of depth for deletion. By default, deleted artifacts can be re-resolved afterwards; you can disable this by specifying -DreResolve=false.

In its simplest form, the mojo can be called like this:

mvn dependency:purge-local-repository

To add the restriction that the org.apache.maven:maven-plugin-api artifact not be deleted, we can modify the command to this:

mvn dependency:purge-local-repository -Dexclude=org.apache.maven:maven-plugin-api

Note: The exclude parameter is a comma-delimited list of groupId:artifactId pairs. It has a corresponding List-based parameter - excludes - for convenient use inside the POM.

Another handy aspect of this mojo is the ability to wipe out artifacts at varying depths. These depths are:

  • file - Delete just the artifact's file.
  • version - Delete the version directory containing this artifact. Amounts to file.getParentFile().
  • artifactId - Delete the artifactId directory containing this artifact. Amounts to file.getParentFile().getParentFile().
  • groupId - Delete the groupId directory structure containing this artifact.

    At a minimum, this amounts to file.getParentFile().getParentFile().getParentFile(). However, if the groupId contains multiple parts, the mojo will prune all groupId-part directories that contain only the files associated with this artifact. Again, note that the exception to this pruning algorithm is the lowest groupId part, which will always be pruned.

To prune dependency artifacts back to their associated artifactId directories (in order to verify proper artifact resolution, for example), simply use this command:

mvn dependency:purge-local-repository -DresolutionFuzziness=artifactId

Finally, it's possible to bind this mojo to the build lifecycle. One reason for this might be to clean out all dependencies when the build is initialized, to verify correct resolution.

The dependency:build-classpath mojo

Since: 2.0-alpha-2

This goal will output a classpath string of dependencies from the local repository to a file or log and optionally attach and deploy the file. For instance, the file would contain a classpath string like this:

/home/foo/.m2/repository/org/java/utils/util/util-1.0.jar:/home/foo/.m2/ ....

The resulting file could then be used like this:

java -cp `cat resultFile` MyClass

In its simplest form, to output the classpath to the log, the mojo can be called like this:

mvn dependency:build-classpath

or to write the classpath to cp.txt.:

mvn dependency:build-classpath -Dmdep.outputFile=cp.txt

The goal can also be bound to a lifecycle phase with the following configuration:

<project>
  [...]
  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
        <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>3.0.1</version>
        <executions>
          <execution>
            <id>build-classpath</id>
            <phase>generate-sources</phase>
            <goals>
              <goal>build-classpath</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
              <!-- configure the plugin here -->
            </configuration>
          </execution>
        </executions>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>
  [...]
</project>

The dependency:analyze mojo

This mojo performs byte code analysis to determine missing or unused dependencies. This goal is meant to be launched from the command line. It will fork the build and execute test-compile so there are class files to analyze. If you want to bind analyze in your pom, use the dependency:analyze-only mojo instead.

This mojo can be executed from the command line:

mvn dependency:analyze

Sample output:

[INFO] [dependency:analyze]
[WARNING] Used undeclared dependencies found:
[WARNING]    classworlds:classworlds:jar:1.1-alpha-2:compile
[WARNING]    org.apache.maven.shared:maven-invoker:jar:2.0.7-SNAPSHOT:test

The dependency:analyze-dep-mgt mojo

This mojo looks at the dependencies after final resolution and looks for mismatches in your dependencyManagement section. In versions of maven prior to 2.0.6, it was possible to inherit versions that didn't match your dependencyManagement. See MNG-1577 for more info.

If this mojo detects issues, you should attempt to resolve the discrepancies before upgrading to 2.0.6 to avoid any surprises. This can be done by upgrading or downgrading the version in dependencyManagement to match what is actually being included at runtime, or you can specify a dependency in your project to override what is being included. You can check the results by rerunning this mojo. If you decide to override by using a dependency, be sure to note it so you can remove it later after upgrading to 2.0.6. You could also use the dependency:analyze mojo to uncover this unused direct dependency.

This mojo is also usefull for just detecting projects that override the dependencyManagement directly. Set ignoreDirect to false to detect these otherwise normal conditions.

This mojo can be executed from the command line:

mvn dependency:analyze-dep-mgt

Sample output:

[INFO] Found Resolved Dependency / DependencyManagement mismatches:
[INFO]  Dependency: commons-lang:commons-lang:jar
[INFO]          DepMgt  : 1.0
[INFO]          Resolved: 2.3
[INFO]  Dependency: commons-digester:commons-digester:jar
[INFO]          DepMgt  : 1.6
[INFO]          Resolved: 1.7
[INFO]  Dependency: javax.servlet:servlet-api:jar
[INFO]          DepMgt  : 2.3
[INFO]          Resolved: 2.4
[WARNING] Potential problems found in Dependency Management

The dependency:tree Mojo

This mojo is used to view the dependency hierarchy of the project currently being built. It will output the resolved tree of dependencies that the Maven build process actually uses.

This mojo can be executed from the command line:

mvn dependency:tree

Optionally, the output parameter can be specified to divert the output to a file:

mvn dependency:tree -Doutput=/path/to/file

Also, the outputType parameter can be used to generate different formats of output. The following formats are currently supported:

  • text
  • dot
  • graphml
  • tgf
mvn dependency:tree -Doutput=/path/to/file.graphml -DoutputType=graphml

The dependency:list-repositories Mojo

This mojo is used to list all the repositories that this build depends upon. It will show repositories defined in your settings, poms and declared in transitive dependency poms.

The dependency:get Mojo

This mojo is used to fetch an artifact and (optionally) its dependencies from remote repositories using its Maven coordinates.

mvn dependency:get -DgroupId=org.apache.maven -DartifactId=maven-core -Dversion=2.2.1 -Dpackaging=jar -Dclassifier=sources -DremoteRepositories=central::default::http://repo1.maven.apache.org/maven2,myrepo::::http://myrepo.com/maven2
mvn dependency:get -DgroupId=org.apache.maven -DartifactId=maven-core -Dversion=2.2.1 -Dpackaging=jar -Dclassifier=sources -DremoteRepositories=http://repo1.maven.apache.org/maven2 
mvn dependency:get -Dartifact=org.apache.maven:maven-core:2.2.1:jar:sources -DremoteRepositories=http://repo1.maven.apache.org/maven2 -Ddest=/tmp/myfile.jar

The dependency:analyze-report Reporting Plugin

This mojo is used to include a report of the dependencies in the output of the maven-site-plugin.

 <reporting>
   <plugins>
    ...
    <plugin>
      <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
      <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
      <version>3.0.1</version>
      <reportSets>
        <reportSet>
          <reports>
            <report>analyze-report</report>
          </reports>
        </reportSet>
      </reportSets>
    </plugin>
   </plugins>
 </reporting>