Maven CI Friendly Versions

Starting with Maven 3.5.0-beta-1 you can use the ${revision}, ${sha1} and/or ${changelist} as placeholders for the version in your pom file.

Single Project Setup

This can look like this:

<project>
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.apache</groupId>
    <artifactId>apache</artifactId>
    <version>18</version>
  </parent>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.ci</groupId>
  <artifactId>ci-parent</artifactId>
  <name>First CI Friendly</name>
  <version>${revision}</version>
  ...
</project>

This is of course a simple situation where we use only ${revision} for brevity to show the general course.

Based on the above pom you can build your project using:

mvn clean package

But wait there is a problem? Which version will the artifacts have? So you need to define the version for your artifacts. The first possibility is to use the command line like this:

mvn -Drevision=1.0.0-SNAPSHOT clean package

This wil become cumbersome over the time. So the other solution for this is to simply use a property inside the pom file which looks like this:

<project>
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.apache</groupId>
    <artifactId>apache</artifactId>
    <version>18</version>
  </parent>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.ci</groupId>
  <artifactId>ci-parent</artifactId>
  <name>First CI Friendly</name>
  <version>${revision}</version>
  ...
  <properties>
    <revision>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</revision>
  </properties>
</project>

So now you can simply call Maven as usual like mvn clean package.

You can of course change the version via the command line like this:

mvn -Drevision=2.0.0-SNAPSHOT clean package

Of cource you can use the .mvn/maven.config file for this.

A note about the used properties. You can only use those named ${revision}, ${sha1} and/or ${changelist} and not other named properties like this:

<project>
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.apache</groupId>
    <artifactId>apache</artifactId>
    <version>18</version>
  </parent>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.ci</groupId>
  <artifactId>ci-parent</artifactId>
  <name>First CI Friendly</name>
  <version>${revision}</version>
  ...
  <properties>
    <revision>1.0.0-${buildNumber}-SNAPSHOT</revision>
  </properties>
</project>

The above example will not work as expeced. If you like to have more flexibility you can use a combination of the different properties like this:

<project>
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.apache</groupId>
    <artifactId>apache</artifactId>
    <version>18</version>
  </parent>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.ci</groupId>
  <artifactId>ci-parent</artifactId>
  <name>First CI Friendly</name>
  <version>${revision}${sha1}${changelist}</version>
  ...
  <properties>
    <revision>1.3.1</revision>
    <changelist>-SNAPSHOT</changelist>
    <sha1/>
  </properties>
</project>

If you like to make a version 2.0.0-SNAPSHOT this can simply being achieved by using this:

mvn -Drevision=2.0.0 clean package

Another usage example can be do make a release which can be done via (version 1.3.1):

mvn -Dchangelist= clean package

Or if you like to make a release with another version:

mvn -Drevision=2.7.8 -Dchangelist= clean package

Please read until the end of this documentation!

Multi Module Setup

So now let us take a look into a situation where we have a multi module build. We have a parent pom and one or more childs. The parent pom will look like this:

<project>
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.apache</groupId>
    <artifactId>apache</artifactId>
    <version>18</version>
  </parent>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.ci</groupId>
  <artifactId>ci-parent</artifactId>
  <name>First CI Friendly</name>
  <version>${revision}</version>
  ...
  <properties>
    <revision>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</revision>
  </properties>
  <modules>
    <module>child1</module>
    ..
  </modules>
</project>

The child will look like this:

<project>
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.apache.maven.ci</groupId>
    <artifactId>ci-parent</artifactId>
    <version>${revision}</version>
  </parent>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.ci</groupId>
  <artifactId>ci-child</artifactId>
   ...
</project>

A multi module build can of course build the same way as the single project setup. You should define the version either via property in the parent or use the .mvn/maven.config file.

Install / Deploy

If you like to install or deploy artifacts by using the above setup you have to use the flatten-maven-plugin otherwise you will install/deploy artifacts in your repository which will not be cosumable by older Maven versions. Such kind of setup will look like this:

<project>
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.apache</groupId>
    <artifactId>apache</artifactId>
    <version>18</version>
  </parent>
  <groupId>org.apache.maven.ci</groupId>
  <artifactId>ci-parent</artifactId>
  <name>First CI Friendly</name>
  <version>${revision}</version>
  ...
  <properties>
    <revision>1.0.0-SNAPSHOT</revision>
  </properties>

 <build>
  <plugins>
    <plugin>
      <groupId>org.codehaus.mojo</groupId>
      <artifactId>flatten-maven-plugin</artifactId>
      <version>1.0.0</version>
      <configuration>
        <updatePomFile>true</updatePomFile>
      </configuration>
      <executions>
        <execution>
          <id>flatten</id>
          <phase>process-resources</phase>
          <goals>
            <goal>flatten</goal>
          </goals>
        </execution>
        <execution>
          <id>flatten.clean</id>
          <phase>clean</phase>
          <goals>
            <goal>clean</goal>
          </goals>
        </execution>
      </executions>
    </plugin>
  </plugins>
  </build>
  <modules>
    <module>child1</module>
    ..
  </modules>
</project>